The Essence of Inclusive Education and Interrelation Issue of Dance Teaching
In ancient times, people who were different and denied by society were being oppressed and executed over the centuries. The tendency to save disabled people is being appeared and strengthened as the result of deepening the knowledge and education, establishing a vital notion “Not to kill a man”, developing the feeling of social and moral responsibility. In the modern era, parents, teachers, politically active people have started fighting to protect the rights of children, including disabled children. The main purpose was to gain the right of development for everyone in common social environment. These are reforms of “Normalization” which laid the foundation for inclusion process in the educational field.
The word “Inclusive” is an English word and means “Engaging” in Georgian. This concept has historically emerged in the second half of the twentieth century in the context of protecting the right of education of disabled children. Today inclusion has acquired a much wider meaning and reflects the approach and social attitude that are based on those humanistic values such as acceptance, equality and fairness and at the same time it offers the specific mechanism for implementation.
Nowadays, in many countries, including in Georgia where the priority is inclusive education, adaptation of learning program and increase the quality of access for education is considered. The aim of the education policy is to create a diverse and harmonious development of the personality that enables social adaptation. Only the mental and intellectual development of the child doesn’t provide the establishment of a multi-faced person. Development of moral, physical and emotional sphere is most important in this case.
For centuries, one of the universal means of education was art and art dance among them. Therefore, teaching an inclusive dance arts is necessary in the integration process of educational space. Inclusive dance teaching in educational area is directly responds to the requirements of the Convention on the rights of disabled persons and promotes the dance skills of children and adults and helps development and integration in society. Inclusive dance significantly reduces the stigmas and barriers in the community. The later forms a tolerant and democratic society.